Listen to the meteors

The interferometer in Humain

The interferometer is located in the radioastronomical site of Humain which belongs to the Royal Observatory of Belgium.

Coordinates are: latitude=50,1639°N, longitude=5,2181°E.

We use the 5-antenna configuration described in Jones et al (1998). This configuration consists in two orthogonal sets of 3 aligned antennas with one central antenna common to the two sets. In principle, it allows to determine the direction of arrival of the signal without ambiguity and with an accuracy of the order of 1°. The central antenna will be a crossed 3-element Yagi allowing us to measure both polarizations of the incoming signal. The other four antennas will be simple 3-element Yagi antennas. The image below is a sketch of the antennas configuration:

Sketch of the VHF interferometer and of the VLF antenna

The white squares indicate the approximate position of the 5 antennas. Along each orthogonal axis, the antennas are separated by 2 and 2.5 times the wavelength (6m). The horizontal axe is oriented East-West. The power is supplied from the old parabolic antenna located in the center of the image. The red circle indicates the position of a VLF antenna that is used to detect whistlers but we plan also to look for simultaneous VLF emissions and VHF meteor echoes.

All antennas are mounted vertically in order to ensure that the radiation pattern is close to the theoretical one and to decrease the influence of the ground. Below is a picture of the North antenna showing the 3 elements mounted vertically.

North Antenna

Below are more pictures showing the antenna in Humain. On the left hand side, we see the central crossed Yagi antenna and the south antenna (along N-S axis) while on the right hand side, we see the west antenna in front and the north antenna in the background. Also visible are our container and the VLF antenna.

Central and South antennas West, North and VLF antennas